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About the island

Cyprus has been a holiday destination for many years attracting tourists all the year around mainly from Europe and Russia. However there are many people who have not been to Cyprus and in this section we will tell you a few basic things about Cyprus.

Cyprus is the third largest and most populous island in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea. It is located in Eastern Mediterranean, north of Egypt.

The island has a Mediterranean climate with long hot summers from mid­May to mid­October and abundant sunshine throughout the year. You will also find superb mountain scenery, forests, coastlines and some of the cleanest beaches in Europe.

Cyprus has a long and diverse history which stretches back 10,000 years. Since 1200 BC the island embraced the Hellenic culture which has prevailed ever since. The Phoenicians, Persians, Romans, Venetians, Ottomans and British have all left their footsteps on the island`s soil.

Cyprus gained independence in 1960 from the British and soon after it became a member country of the United Nations and Non­aligned Movement. In 2004 Cyprus became a member state of the European Union.

Education

The education sector in Cyprus is highly developed and acknowledged internationally for the quality, both in the public and private sector.

There are many public primary, secondary and higher education institutions but the main language used in these is Greek. However in every city one can find high quality private primary and secondary schools which cater for English, Russian, Armenian, French and Arabic speaking pupils.

Finally most higher education institutions use English as their main teaching language and despite its size Cyprus can boast five private universities, five public universities and 40 private institutions of higher education.

A number of private universities have special agreements with reputable UK universities that allow a student to study for two years in Cyprus and then do the third in the UK where they are awarded the British university degree.

International connections

The Republic of Cyprus has two airports, one in Larnaca and one in Paphos. They are served by over 100 international airlines with a large network of air routes connecting Cyprus with the rest of the world. A number of budget airlines operating mainly between Cyprus and Europe have been in existence for a number of years now.

Three main ports, the multi­purpose ports of Limassol and Larnaca and the industrial port of Vassiliko, ensure that Cyprus is well connected via sea links to all five continents. Thousands of ships call at Cypriot ports every year, which are served by some 70 shipping lines.

For more general information about Cyprus please visit the official site of the Cyprus Tourism Organisation at www.visitcyprus.com

Healthcare

The Cypriot Healthcare System operates at a high standard and is recognised by the World Health Organisation as holding the same standard as any other developed country. No vaccinations are necessary to enter Cyprus as epidemics and the level of infectious diseases are very low.

Cyprus has state medical services which provide treatment free of charge for some services but with a relatively small payment for other services to all permanent residents at public medical institutions or at reduced rates to certain individuals.

Emergency care is provided with the payment of 10 Euro for persons who arrive at the accident and emergency (A & E) departments of the government hospitals. Every city has a hospital with an accident and emergency department.

Alternatively there are private sector medical institutions which people can opt for but patients have to cover all costs themselves. The private healthcare sector in Cyprus has a range of private hospitals, clinics, diagnostic centres, pharmacies and independent practitioners (most of them trained in Europe or America) and all of which are under the inspection, regulation and licensing of the Cypriot Ministry of Health.